Adulteration in oil
Food is crucial for human existence, but it’s been susceptible to adulteration since past. Food adulteration includes various kinds of practices, like mixing, substituting, concealing the standard of food by mislabeling, putting up decomposed or expired food and adding toxic substances. it’s an age-old problem that affects people the least bit societal strata. The health hazards may result from either addition of deleterious substances or removal of a significant component.
Acts of food adulteration are intentional, unintentional or natural. Intentional food adulteration is typically performed for gain. Unintentional adulteration is that the results of ignorance or the shortage of facilities to take care of food quality. Natural adulteration occurs because of the presence of certain chemicals, organic compounds or radicals that occur naturally in foods and is injurious to health but not added intentionally or unintentionally.
Vegetable oils and fats have a giant contribution in our diet as cooking or frying oils, salad oils or in food formulations. they’re important from nutritional and economical point of views. However, their authenticity may be a serious issue.
Edible oil fraud usually involves misleading the purchaser on verity nature, substance or quality of the oil demanded. The offence is within the sort of adulteration which generally involves the dilution of pure edible oil with more cost-effective one. Cheaper oil which is adulterated can also be represented as if it were some oil of greater (pure) oil quality.
Adulteration of edible oils with argemone oil, oil, karanja or purgative causes loss of eyesight, damage to liver, heart problem, stomach infections, or cancer. The intake of adulterated oils and trans-fats within the human diet has had negative health repercussions, including disorder, causing uncountable deaths annually.
Mustard oil adulterated with argemone oil and butter yellow has been reported to cause gall bladder cancer and should result in epidemic dropsy, glaucoma and loss of eyesight.
Olive oil is commonly substituted with lower cost alternatives which poses problem for people with certain food allergies. Adulteration of edible oils with oil causes damage to the liver and cancer.
Canola oil provides consumer with many health benefits because it is low in saturated fat together with an honest ratio of omega-6 to omega-3 polyunsaturated fats, and has become one in all the foremost susceptible food materials adulterated with other vegetable oils of lower quality, which could be a serious threat to the health of consumers.
FSSAI & PFA:
To protect general public against the defective practices adopted by the trader, Prevention of Food Adulteration Act (PFA), 1954 was enacted by the Indian parliament, which has now been replaced with a food safety law and body called the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI).
It was observed that respondents belonging to high income groups had higher level of awareness regarding oil adulteration. Furthermore, qualitative analysis revealed that 39.28% of the unpackaged samples and 31.25% of the packaged samples were adulterated.
- Knowledge, attitude and practice of consumers towards oil adulteration
- Level of awareness of low and high income group respondents belonging to industrial and domestic sectors
- chemical analysis of oil samples
- Comparison of adulterants in unpackaged and packaged oil samples
Oil forms an integral part in our everyday cooking and its adulteration can pose several effects on human health. Hence, the extent of awareness of the respondents belonging to high income group was comparatively over the low income group and adulteration was practiced in both the categories of oil samples. Publicizing food adulteration-related laws and different aspects of food adulteration via mass media could play a vital role in raising consumer awareness which might thereby help in maintaining physiological state.